High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when the blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. Blood pressure measurement takes into account how much blood is passing through the blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood meets while the heart is pumping. Narrow arteries increase resistance. The narrower your arteries are, the higher your blood pressure will be. Over the long term, increased pressure can cause health issues, including heart disease. Seeing blood in your urine is a warning sign of hypertension risk.
In a study published in the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, blood and urine cadmium in blood pressure and hypertension was analysed.
The study noted: “Cadmium exposure has been inconsistently related to blood pressure.
“We updated and re-evaluated the evidence regarding the relationships of blood cadmium (BCd) and urine cadmium (UCd) with blood pressure (BP) and hypertension (HTN) in non-occupationally exposed populations.
“Our results suggest a positive association between BCd and BP among women.”
One of the most important steps is to drastically cut down on salt – the more salt you eat, the higher your blood pressure will be.
According to the NHS, you should aim to eat less than six grams (0.2oz) of salt a day, which is about a teaspoonful.
“Eating a low-fat diet that includes lots of fibre, such as wholegrain rice, bread and pasta, and plenty of fruit and vegetables also helps lower blood pressure,” noted the health body.
“For optimal benefits, you should aim to eat five portions of fruit and vegetables every day, it added.